Pharmacological classification of hydroxychloroquine

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    Pharmacological classification of hydroxychloroquine


    Falciparum Discontinue in 6 months if improvement is inadequate Use in patients with psoriasis may precipitate a severe attack of psoriasis; use with caution Postmarketing cases of life-threatening and fatal cardiomyopathy reported with use of hydroxychloroquine as well as of chloroquine Irreversible retinal damage observed in some patients who had received hydroxychloroquine sulfate; significant risk factors for retinal damage include daily doses of hydroxychloroquine sulfate greater than 6.5 mg/kg (5 mg/kg base) of actual body weight, durations of use greater than five years, subnormal glomerular filtration, use of some concomitant drug products such as tamoxifen citrate and concurrent macular disease Ocular examination is recommended within first year of therapy; baseline exam should include: best corrected distance visual acuity (BCVA), an automated threshold visual field (VF) of the central 10 degrees (with retesting if an abnormality is noted), and spectral domain ocular coherence tomography (SD-OCT) For individuals with significant risk factors (daily dose of hydroxychloroquine sulfate 5.0 mg/kg base of actual body weight, subnormal glomerular filtration, use of tamoxifen citrate or concurrent macular disease) monitoring should include annual examinations which include BCVA, VF and SD-OCT; for individuals without significant risk factors, annual exams can usually be deferred until five years of treatment In individuals of Asian descent, retinal toxicity may first be noticed outside macula; in patients of Asian descent, it is recommended that visual field testing be performed in central 24 degrees instead of central 10 degrees Hydroxychloroquine should be discontinued if ocular toxicity is suspected and patient should be closely observed given that retinal changes (and visual disturbances) may progress even after cessation of therapy Hepatic disease or alcoholism Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is associated with hemolysis and renal impairment; use with caution Dermatologic reactions to hydroxychloroquine may occur Patients are prone to dermatitis outbreaks Signs or symptoms of cardiac compromise have appeared during acute and chronic treatment; clinical monitoring for signs and symptoms of cardiomyopathy is advised, including use of appropriate diagnostic tools such as ECG to monitor patients for cardiomyopathy during therapy; if cardiotoxicity is suspected, prompt discontinuation may prevent life-threatening complications Not for administration with other drugs that have potential to prolong QT interval; hydroxychloroquine prolongs QT interval; ventricular arrhythmias and torsades de pointes reported in patients taking hydroxychloroquine Skeletal muscle myopathy or neuropathy leading to progressive weakness and atrophy of proximal muscle groups, depressed tendon reflexes, and abnormal nerve conduction, reported; muscle and nerve biopsies have been associated with curvilinear bodies and muscle fiber atrophy with vacuolar changes; assess muscle strength and deep tendon reflexes periodically in patients on long-term therapy Suicidal behavior rarely reported in patients treated with hydroxychloroquine Hematologic reactions (including aplastic anemia) and agranulocytosis may occur May exacerbate heart failure Shown to cause severe hypoglycemia including loss of consciousness that could be life threatening in patients treated with or without antidiabetic medications; warn patients about risk of hypoglycemia and associated clinical signs and symptoms; patients presenting with clinical symptoms suggestive of hypoglycemia during treatment should have their blood glucose checked and treatment reviewed as necessary A reduction in dosage may be necessary in patients with hepatic or renal disease, as well as in those taking medicines known to affect these organs Use with caution in patients with hepatic disease or alcoholism or in conjunction with known hepatotoxic drugs Consider discontinuing therapy if any severe blood disorder such as aplastic anemia, agranulocytosis, leukopenia, or thrombocytopenia, which is not attributable to the disease under treatment appears; perform periodic blood cell counts if patients are given prolonged therapy Pregnancy category: C Lactation: Drug is concentrated in breast milk (American Academy of Pediatrics committee states that it is compatible with nursing) A: Generally acceptable. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

    Hydroxychloroquine interaction with cyclobenzaprine Does plaquenil suppress immune system further in an immunosuppressed person Jc virus and plaquenil What drug classification is plaquenil

    The optimal treatment of RA requires a comprehensive program that combines medical, social, and emotional support for the patient. It is essential that the patient and the patient’s family be educated about the nature and course of the disease. Treatment options include medications, reduction of joint stress. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is considered a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD. It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. It belongs to a class of medications known as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs DMARDs. It can reduce skin problems in lupus and prevent swelling/pain in arthritis, though it is not known.

    Unknown; may impair complement-dependent antigen-antibody reactions; inhibits locomotion of neutrophils and chemotaxis of eosinophils Increases p H and interferes with lysosomal degradation of hemoglobin, which in turn interferes with digestive vacuole function Bioavailability: Rapid and complete absorption Onset: May take 4-6 months to show response; peak response takes several months (rheumatic disease) Duration: Unknown Peak plasma time: 1-3 hr Protein bound: 55% Metabolites: Desethylhydroxychloroquine, desethylchloroquine Half-life: 32-50 days Excretion: Urine (60%) The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available.

    Pharmacological classification of hydroxychloroquine

    Therapy and pharmacological properties of hydroxychloroquine., Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil

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  6. Jan 01, 2020 Rheumatoid Arthritis. The action of hydroxychloroquine is cumulative and may require weeks to months to achieve the maximum therapeutic effect see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY. Initial adult dosage 400 mg to 600 mg 310 to 465 mg base daily, administered as a single daily dose or in two divided doses.

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    Hydroxychloroquine is a racemic mixture consisting of an R and S enantiomer. Hydroxychloroquine is an aminoquinoline like chloroquine. It is a commonly prescribed medication in the treatment of uncomplicated malaria, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic discoid lupus erythematosus, and systemic lupus erythematosus. A chemotherapeutic agent that acts against erythrocytic forms of malarial parasites. Hydroxychloroquine appears to concentrate in food vacuoles of affected protozoa. It inhibits plasmodial heme polymerase. From Gilman et al. Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p970 Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil often effectively addresses the inflammatory component of the erosive subtype of OA. Go beyond guidelines to treat erosive, inflammatory OA Common DMARDs include methotrexate Rheumatrex, Trexall, sulfasalazine Azulfidine, hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, leflunomide Arava, cyclosporine Sandimmune, Neoral, and azathioprine Imuran, Azasan.

     
  7. maxrnd Well-Known Member

    The resource you are looking for (or one of its dependencies) could have been removed, had its name changed, or is temporarily unavailable. Plaquenil, hidroxicloroquina, paludismo, tabletas, Sanofi. Hydroxychloroquine Side-effects, uses, time to work Hydroxychloroquine 200 mg tablet Kaiser Permanente
     
  8. Skaarj Well-Known Member

    What is Plaquenil? - GoodRx HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus is also used to treat malaria. The lowest GoodRx price for the most common version of generic Plaquenil is around .41, 88% off the average retail price of 7.73.

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  9. Maxno Moderator

    Chloroquine DermNet NZ Chloroquine has a particularly high affinity for melanin-containing cells and hence there are very high levels of chloroquine in the skin mainly, the epidermis and retina. Chloroquine has a long half-life, which can vary between 74 hours and 50 days, depending on the cumulative dose.

    Hydroxychloroquine - Wikipedia